American Immigration To Canada - Explained
Are you a US citizen looking for temporary escape to Canada? Are you considering becoming a permanent resident of Canada? A vibrant economy, beautiful landscapes and a rich history are among the great things driving Americans to Canada. There are different ways to visit, study, work or gain permanent residence in Canada. Once you obtain permanent residence in Canada, you may become a Canadian citizen and receive a Canadian passport after 3 years. You do not need to forego your US citizenship, as both Canada and US allow for dual citizenship. It’s important to find out what works for your situation and then begin the application process.
Here are some of Canada’s immigration programs available for Americans wishing to live or work in Canada.
- Citizenship By Descent
- Family Sponsorship Program
- Express Entry Program
- Temporary Resident Visa
- Work Permit
- Study Permit
Citizenship by Descent
Children born in the USA to a Canadian parent may be eligible to apply for Canadian citizenship by descent. If the Canadian parent was born in Canada then in many cases the US-born child will be eligible to apply for citizenship in Canada on this basis. Note that the second generation born outside Canada is not eligible for Canadian citizenship as of April 2009. Please contact us for further information.
US To Canada Family Sponsorship Program
Many Americans marry or enter into common-law relationships with Canadian citizens or permanent residents. With this type of family relationship, the Canadian spouse or partner can sponsor their American other half for permanent residence in Canada. The application can be made while the US spouse or partner is residing in the USA, or the American can enter Canada as a visitor then be sponsored in-land. If the sponsorship application is done in-land, the American spouse or partner can also obtain a work permit while waiting for the sponsorship application to be processed.Canadian citizens or permanent residents can also sponsor their foreign-born children, so children born in the US to a Canadian can potentially be sponsored for permanent residence. Children born to Canadian citizens in the US may also be Canadian citizens by descent, and just need to apply for recognition of their Canadian citizenship.
If you would like our office to assess whether you can qualify for family sponsorship, please fill out the Free Family Sponsorship Assessment Form.
Express Entry Program
The express entry program allows foreign-based skilled workers to obtain permanent residency without the need to first obtain a work permit or job in Canada. This program allows you to get to Canada quicker and connects you with potential employers. The program works on a points-based system where you will provide information about yourself like the skills, work experience, language ability and education. These areas will be evaluated and you need to secure about 450 points out of a possible 1200 in order to qualify. The application takes about 6 months once an invitation is issued and a permanent residence application is filed.
Canadian Experience Class Program
The Canadian Experience Class (CEC) program is a type of application for permanent residence available to US citizens and other foreigners who have worked legally in Canada in a skilled occupation for at least one year. This type of application falls under the Express Entry program, which first requires registering a profile expressing interest in Canada. If you are considered sufficiently qualified, you will receive an invitation to apply for permanent residence from the Canadian immigration authorities.
Skilled Workers Class Program
If you are a skilled worker or professional currently working in the US or any other country, you may qualify to immigrate permanently to Canada through the Express Entry program. You will have to complete an Express Entry profile where you submit details about your work experience, age, education, and language ability. Your profile will be assessed, and points awarded based on the information you provided. If you score well enough, you will receive an invitation to apply for permanent residence through the skilled worker program.
If you would like our office to assess whether you can qualify for the Express Entry, please fill out the Free Express Entry CRS Calculator.
We have years of experience assisting applicants with their permanent residence applications through the Express Entry system. See if you qualify by calculating your CRS score.