How do I obtain Canadian citizenship?

Canadian citizenship is obtained by birth for anyone who is born in Canada. It can also be obtained by descent by those whose parents are Canadian citizens.

Foreign nationals who wish to obtain Canadian citizenship must first apply for and obtain permanent resident status in Canada. Permanent residence can be obtained through various types of applications such as family sponsorships and skilled worker applications.

Once a foreign national has obtained permanent residence, they must satisfy a residency requirement of living physically in Canada for a certain number of years, after which they can apply for citizenship. As part of the citizenship application process the permanent resident will be tested to ensure that they have an adequate understanding of either the English or French language, and they must also pass a knowledge of Canada test. If all of these requirements are met, then Canadian citizenship will be granted.

FAQ General Immigration